paul de ruiter architects: temporary parking garage, leiden
may 20, 2010
paul de ruiter architects: temporary parking garage, leiden


temporary parking garage, leiden by paul de ruiter architects
all images courtesy paul de ruiter architects

dutch firm paul de ruiter architects have won the competition to design a  temporary
parking garage in leiden, the netherlands.

the building fits into its urban planning setting at the edge of the city centre, facing the mors gate.
the parking floors have been divided up in a readily accessible way, with parking places that
are easy to turn into, and are furnished with clear signals and signs. the façade is partly
transparent, allowing a view out onto the surroundings. in addition, a minimum number of slim
columns have been used, in order not to block sight lines and to provide a feeling of safety.


the facade made with artificial netting


the facade with shutters open

the parking garage contains 450 parking places, but the building is very compact, allowing
the existing stands of trees along the road to be retained. local residents have been allowed input
in the construction of the outer façade, which gives the garage its feel. there was a vote on three
different façade designs by means of an internet poll – one steel, one glass and one made of netting.
the local residents chose netting. the partly transparent cloth is made of sustainably manufactured
artificial fibres and has the feeling of a covering of leaves in a wood. the natural shades of green
and brown lend a natural effect to the area.


the facade with shutters closed


the facade with shutters open

temporary architecture
the garage is situated facing the western gate to the city, the
morspoort, and will be operated
by the municipality over the next 10
years. this period could possibly be extended for
a flexible period of
10 years, with regard to structure and management. ultimately, the
ground
has to be made available again for urban development. the use of
recyclable materials means
the building is easy to remove.


the facade with shutters closed

energy saving
given that our current
way of life is largely dependent on mobility (by car), it is important
that
the issue is resolved in a way that is as sustainable as possible.
the mors gate garage provides
considerable energy saving by using
natural ventilation instead of mechanical. an intelligent
lighting
scheme is used with dynamic signalling and road signs, motion
detectors, daylight
operated illumination and very low-energy
illumination fittings. even more energy is saved
through the climate
system in the porter’s cabin, which uses a heat recovery system and
heat
pump. the ramps are never steeper than 10%, which means that ramp
heating is not necessary
and driving is easier for the user and that
there is less risk of damage.


model of the carpark


aerial view of the carpark


model


north view


south view


section view


section view


first floor


second floor


third floor


site plan

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