rem koolhaas reveals the theme for the 2014 architecture biennale in venice: ‘fundamentals’
image © designboom
as many already know, the 14th international architecture exhibition in venice will be curated by renowned architect and founder of OMA, rem koolhaas. he has recently released a statement revealing the topic for the biennale: fundamentals. starting a year before the usual schedule for preparation, he hopes to better orchestrate a more integrated exposition amongst all the countries. as per tradition, the biennale will take place in the giardini and arsenale located in the historic center of venice, supplemented by collateral events dispersed throughout the city.
in his own words:
‘fundamentals will be a biennale about architecture, not architects. after several biennales dedicated to the celebration of the contemporary, fundamentals will focus on histories – on the inevitable elements of all architecture used by any architect, anywhere, anytime (the door, the floor, the ceiling etc.) and on the evolution of national architectures in the last 100 years. in three complementary manifestations – taking place in the central pavilion, the arsenale, and the national pavilions – this retrospective will generate a fresh understanding of the richness of architecture’s fundamental repertoire, apparently so exhausted today.
in 1914, it made sense to talk about a ‘chinese’ architecture, a ‘swiss’ architecture, an ‘indian’ architecture. one hundred years later, under the influence of wars, diverse political regimes, different states of development, national and international architectural movements, individual talents, friendships, random personal trajectories and technological developments, architectures that were once specific and local have become interchangeable and global. national identity has seemingly been sacrificed to modernity.
2012 architecture biennale theme: ‘common ground’ curated by david chipperfield
image © labiennale
having the decisive advantage of starting work a year earlier than the biennale’s typical schedule, we hope to use this extra time to introduce a degree of coordination and coherence among the national pavilions. ideally, we would want the represented countries to engage a single theme – absorbing modernity: 1914-2014 – and to show, each in their own way, the process of the erasure of national characteristics in favour of the almost universal adoption of a single modern language in a single repertoire of typologies.
the first world war – the beginning of modern globalization – serves a starting point for the range of narratives. the transition to what seems like a universal architectural language is a more complex process than we typically recognize, involving significant encounters between cultures, technical inventions and imperceptible ways of remaining “national.” in a time of ubiquitous google research and the flattening of cultural memory, it is crucial for the future of architecture to resurrect and expose these narratives.
by telling the history of the last 100 years cumulatively, the exhibitions in the national pavilions will generate a global overview of architecture’s evolution into a single, modern aesthetic, and at the same time uncover within globalization the survival of unique national features and mentalities that continue to exist and flourish even as international collaboration and exchange intensify…’
rem koolhaas giving designboom a presentation of OMA’s CRONOCAOS preservation tour at the 2010 venice architecture biennale
image © designboom
president of the exhibition paolo baratta explains the evolution of the architecture biennale and the choice of rem koolhaas:
‘we are universally recognized as the most important event in the world for architecture; we are the place where architecture talks about itself and meets life and society at large. for this reason over the past few years our choices of curators and themes have been based on the awareness of the gap between the ‘spectacularization’ of architecture on the one hand, and the waning capacity of society to express its demands and its needs on the other hand. the architects are called upon prevalently to create awe-inspiring buildings and the ‘ordinary’ is going astray, towards banality if not squalor: a modernity lived bad. at the culmination of this process we have asked rem koolhaas to engage himself in an original research project. the exhibition is also evolving in the way it is organized. born as an ‘imitation’ of the art exhibition and developed to ‘invite’ architects to bring us their installations, just like for the art biennale, it is evolving into a major exhibition-research project conducted directly by the curator (who is in fact appointed as the director of the architecture sector of the biennale). the countries are offered the opportunity for a better integration into this research project. the exhibition will be enhanced by an increasing number of activities throughout its duration, with workshops and seminars that enrich it as an active-exhibition. for this reason we have decided to anticipate the opening date to the 7th of june and to make the exhibition last as long as the art exhibition (about 6 months).’