night view of the pavilion whereby the glass fibres spread the light throughout the entire structure, illuminating it
architecture students at the institute for computational design (ICD) and the institute of building structures and structural design (ITKE)
at the university of stuttgart have completed a research pavilion that is robotically fabricated from carbon and glass fibre composites.
the development of the structure focused on the material and morphological principles of arthropods' exoskeletons as a source of exploration
for new construction compounds in architecture.
the assembly of the shelter was performed on-site by a 6-axis robot coupled with an external sevenths axis. as part of the process the materials
were saturated with resin, run through a bath of the synthetic polymer directly prior to their placement by the robot.
after the completion of the filament winding process and subsequent tempering of the fibre-resin blend, the temporary steel frame
could be disassembled and removed. the automatically fabricated, but locally differentiated structure resulted in an extremely thin shell
of just 4mm thickness.
the robotic fabrication of the pavilion
video courtesy of ITKE
preliminary testing - filament winding system showing the effector
preliminary testing - small scale winding
dry winding tests - the setup shows the 6-axis robot coupled with an external seventh axis which turns the entire frame
previous sequences of the winding process serve as an integral mould for subsequent layers for specific structural purposes
entrance wrapping simulation
video courtesy of ITKE
transportation from the construction site to the final location
top view of the finished pavilion
close up of the woven glass and carbon fibres
left: close up of roof connection
right: night view from inside
the whole digital process was linked in an information chain, also including the input parameter (top).
within this chain the winding logic was developed and optimized, consisting of five patterns (bottom).
institute for computational design (ICD) - prof. achim menges
institute of building structures and structural design (ITKE) - prof. dr.-ing. jan knippers
concept development: manuel schloz, jakob weigele
system development & realization: sarah haase, markus mittner, josephine ross, manuel schloz, jonas unger, simone vielhuber,
franziska weidemann, jakob weigele, natthida wiwatwicha with the support of michael preisack and michael tondera (faculty of architecture workshop)
scientific development & project management: riccardo la magna (structural design), steffen reichert (detail design),
tobias schwinn (robotic fabrication), frédéric waimer (fibre composite technology & structural design)