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shigeru ban: onagawa temporary container housing + community center
original content
sep 27, 2012
shigeru ban: onagawa temporary container housing + community center


community center for the ‘onagawa temporary container housing’ by shigeru ban architects, onagawa, miyagi, japan
image © hiroyuki hirai

all images courtesy of shigeru ban architects

following the earthquake in march 2011, japanese practice shigeru ban architects conceived and implemented ‘onagawa temporary container housing’
along with a community center and atelier within the town of onagawa in the miyagi prefecture of japan. offering families privacy during the recovery,
the firm initially embarked upon installing 1800 units of their 2 meter by 2 meter emergency partition system within 50 evacuation facilities. during the process,
they learned about the state of the town of onagawa and their difficulties to provide temporary shelter due to the lack of flat land.

to resolve the geographical location’s terrain, a proposal for a three-storey structural framework to allow the stacking of 20 foot shipping containers
in a checkerboard fashion. this alternating arrangement allows for airy and open living spaces with built-in shelves and closets for storage,
a missing element within the temporary houses issued by the government. since many areas share similar landscape characteristics,
these buildings may be constructed in many disaster situations and continue to be used as a long term residential solution due to their
excellent seismic performance. three variations are formed by the placement of units, forming a 19.8 square meter unit for 1 to 2 individuals,
29.7 m2 for 3 to 4 inhabitants and 39.6 square meter residences accommodating more than 4 dwellers.


community center perimeter formed with shipping containers
image © hiroyuki hirai

a community center and market are centrally located in the complex, offering a gathering space for community members.
the center’s walls are formed with white shipping containers and are capped with a plywood gable roof. triangulated clerestory windows
introduce natural daylight into the interior. the area for the food market is formed with a ring of containers and a tentsile roof
protects from changing weather.


gable roof of plywood encloses the space
image © hiroyuki hirai


tensile roof and perimeter containers enclose an open-air market
image © hiroyuki hirai


residential buildings border the market
image © hiroyuki hirai


residential buildings border the market and community center
image © hiroyuki hirai


aerial view of the complex
image © hiroyuki hirai


atelier
image © hiroyuki hirai


paper tube columns and beams
image © hiroyuki hirai


image © hiroyuki hirai


image © shigeru ban architects


living spaces of a container unit
image © hiroyuki hirai


dining + living room may be divided with a panel door
image © hiroyuki hirai


at night
image © hiroyuki hirai


image © hiroyuki hirai


installation of the container units
image © shigeru ban architects


installing container units by crane
images © shigeru ban architects


team installing shelves for storage
image © shigeru ban architects


site plan


floor plans / levels 1-3


floor plan / unit variations


section


assembly axonometric

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