subway architecture
original content
dec 01, 2009
subway architecture


london’s underground became the first subway system in the world when it began operation in 1863.
since then, underground subways have been built in almost every major city of the world. from new york
and paris to hong kong and dubai, subways are an essential part of public transportation in cities.
within these systems, architecture plays a big role in defining the environment of the subway. here is
a collection of some of the most architecturally interesting subway stations.



t-centralen station (photo via flickr)


stockholm tunnelbana

the subway system in stockholm, sweden features art installations in
almost every station. the city’s 100 stations
feature art by almost 140
artists and it is often called the world’s longest art gallery. the
system may focus on
artwork, but it also features a number of stations
with unusual architecture. the t-centralen station is one of the
most
distinctive designed by per olof ultvedt in 1975. the station features
a massive mural painted on the cavern
like ceiling that exposes the
rocky core of the city. many of the system’s stations also feature this
unique cavern
ceiling that gives them an organic feeling and unique
atmosphere.


stockholm tunnelbana station (photo via flickr)



solna centrum station (photo via flickr)



westfriedhof station light installation by ingo mauer (photo via flickr)

munich u-bahn

munich’s u-bahn subway system only began in 1972, but it has quickly
grown into a 98 station system spread
across the entire city. because
of its young age munich had the advantage of learning from the mistakes
of other
systems creating spacious and efficient stations. while the
first stations were quite plain, the architecture of its
new stations
is often quite daring. some stand out stations include the colourful
dulferstrasse station designed
by peter lanz and jurgen rauch and
westfriedhof, which features lighting installations by ingo mauer.



candidplatz station (photo via flickr)



georg-brauchle ring station with installation by franz ackermann (photo via flickr)


st. quiren platz station by hermann + ottl (photo via flickr)



bilbao metro station by foster+partners

bilbao metro

the bilbao metro is unusual among subway systems since it was designed
and engineered as a whole. the stations
were all designed by
foster+partners, who set to use dramatic curved forms to create a
signature look for the
city’s transportation infrastructure. inside the
stations, the space was kept as open as possible, using the full
height
and width of the underground tunnels. above ground, each station
features a curved glass entrance that
is reminiscent of a shell and
became known as a fosteritos by locals. 


http://www.fosterandpartners.com



bilbao metro station by foster+partners



bilbao metro station by foster+partners


bund sightseeing tunnel (photo via flickr)

shanghai – bund sightseeing tunnel

the bund sightseeing tunnel located in shanghai, china isn’t
technically a subway system but rather a short
distance transporter.
measuring only 647m long, the train tunnel connects the bund to pudong.
along the way
the rider is bombarded with lighting effects, music and
special effects that turn the ride into something out of
this world.



trains in the bund sightseeing tunnel (photo via flickr)



bund sightseeing tunnel (photo via flickr)


dubai metro station by aedas (photo via flickr)

dubai – metro station

one of the world’s newest subway systems is the automated rail network
in dubai which officially opened in
september of 2009. the red line
which includes 10 stations is the first part of the project to be
completed and
features the aedas designed metro station. the
international firm was selected to design all 47 stations in the
new
system along with two rail depots. this particular station features a
curved rood design that covers the
station and lets light in through
small windows. the iconic building is just the start of a series of
stations that
will push the boundaries for subway architecture.



dubai metro station by aedas (photo via flickr)



dubai metro station by aedas (photo via flickr)



iidabashi station by makoto sei watanabe architects (photos via tokyo buildings)

tokyo – iidabashi station

tokyo is well known for being one of the busiest subway systems is the
world, but so well known for its subway
architecture. the oedo line in
tokyo is the newest in the city’ massive system and features some
interesting
designs like iidabashi station designed by makoto sei
watanabe architects. the station was built in 2000 and
features a
distinctive faced clad with massive curved steel and glass forms.
inside the station has numerous
design features including a geometric
green light sculpture running the length of the escalator shaft. the
station’s
design is also significant since it was create through
computer generated forms.



iidabashi station by makoto sei watanabe architects



iidabashi station by makoto sei watanabe architects


iidabashi station by makoto sei watanabe architects (photo via flickr)



line a station (photo via flickr)

prague – line a

prague’s subway system has a diverse array of station designs that span
numerous architectural styles. the line a
stations all feature
distinctive tile cladding that gives them a futuristic feel. each
station along the line has
a different colour of aluminum tile that is
repeated in concave or convex patterns. the tiles are installed along
the tracks and curve up the wall and onto the ceiling. this subtle
variation from station to station gives riders
a navigation system to
guide them on their travels.



line a station (photo via flickr)


komsomolskaya station (photo via flickr)

moscow – komsomolskaya station

moscow’s komsomolskaya station definitely goes down as the most
elaborate subway station. the design was
built in the 1930’s and
features large chandeliers, vaulted plaster ceilings and arched
walkways. the classical
design of the space gives the station a
palatial feeling, not something you see in most subways. the station
also
boasts hand painted frescoes and detailed plaster moulding on
almost every surface.



komsomolskaya station (photo via flickr)



museum station by diamond+schmitt architects

toronto – museum station

while most of the subways stations in toronto are very traditional, one
newly remodeled station stands out.
museum station is located right
below the city’s royal ontario museum which was recently added to by
daniel
libeskind. the new station replaces simple columns with
recreations of the museum’s collection including
egyptian
sarcophaguses, totem poles and mayan statues. the station also has
walls clad with large aluminum
panels that are cut-out with the station
name to reveal a hieroglyphics pattern behind. the unique station links
the subway with the museum above.



museum station by diamond+schmitt architects



drassanes station by on-a arquitectura

barcelona – drassanes station

the spanish firm on-a arquitectura recently remodeled the barcelona
subway station drassanes. the space’s new
design was based on the
concept of using the same materials as the subway cars that drive
through the station.
a white concrete covers the walls and slowly
blends into the floors which were made vibration proof. the ceiling
was
made black to contrast the white and is lined with long angular light
fixtures. other corridors in the station
feature a mosaic of oversized
tiles in a variety of vivid colours.



drassanes station by on-a arquitectura



drassanes station by on-a arquitectura

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