an exhibition in milan pays homage to the work of tomas maldonado
designer and industrial design theorist.
at the triennale museum, milan, italy
from 19.02. to 05.04.2009
portrait image © designboom
born in buenos aires, argentina, in 1922, tomas maldonado attended the academia
nacional de bellas artes. in the early 40s, together with jorge brito, alfredo hlito,
and claudio girola, he signed a manifesto rejecting the selection carried out at the
salón nacional, quoting the italian carlo carrà statement: ‘the suppression of imbeciles
in art is essential’.
‘arte concreto’ magazine, buenos aires, 1946
the periodical intended to disseminate the ideas and art of the group asociacion de arte
concreto-invencion, edited by edgar bayley, simon contreras, alfredo hlito, and raul lozza,
with texts by noted cultural figures explaining the foundations and manifestations of the
movement, illustrated throughout after paintings, sculptures and portrait photographs.
this issue is showing work by tomas maldonado and several articles by maldonado
on his reflections about concretism.
’4 temas circulares’, painting by tomas maldonado, 1953
‘desde un sector’, by tomas maldonado1953
‘this is tomorrow 2′, tomas maldonado in london, 1956
this room shows works by students of the Ulm school period, created under the
guidance by professor tomas maldonado. HfG history
superficies exercise, 1956-57
topologic exercise, 1958 -59
as the advocate of an objective and socially aware design for industry,
Ulm fashioned a new generation of objects, tools, and transportation and
communication systems. the Ulm style—pearl gray with matte finish,
adjustable legs, reduction of ornament to a fundamental and pure geometry
of form—is embodied in the familiar krups and braun product lines and
continues to define the look of today’s electronic instruments.
‘design, nature, and revolution: toward a critical ecology’, book written by tomas maldonado,
translated from the italian by mario domandi (new york: harper & row, 1972)
maldonado strongly articulated his position in a seminal, 1970 book la speranza progettuale
which was translated into english two years later as design, nature and revolution: toward
a critical ecology. as a core theme, maldonado focused on the human environment, which
he characterized as “one of the many subsystems that compose the vast ecological system
of nature.” 2 following a systems theory model, he claimed that among subsystems, “only
ours possesses today the virtual and real capacity of provoking substantial – that is irreversible
- disturbances in the equilibrium of other subsystems.” 3 designers are complicit in this process,
but maldonado raised the question of how their role could change. the impetus for his book
was the urgency he felt to counter the rapid degradation of the environment and, although
he recognized that autonomous design action is difficult in any social system, he urged a
substantial effort on the designer’s part to play a role in a process of social change.
maldonado emphasized autonomy, recognizing it as a difficult state to achieve.
nevertheless, he made the sartrean argument that “however things are, the designer must
act, he must definitely abandon the ‘waiting room’ in which he has been forced to remain
until now. and he must act even if he does not know whether in the end autonomy will
not prove to be an illusion.”
the exhibition also presents photographs, objects and original documents relating to projects carried out with ettore sottsass for olivetti
data processing symbols for olivetti, 1964-1967
this sector of the exhibition features maldonado’s work on the corporate identity of the gruppo rinascente.
here featured is ‘la rinascente’ corporate image.
furgoncino created by students at the ULM school, 1964
exhibition design by studio cerri & associati
read the interview
homage to ptolemy 2, 2005
tomas maldonado entered the city’s academia nacional de bellas artes in 1938.
he traveled to uruguay in 1941 and went to joaquín torres-garcía’s montevideo studio,
a trip that greatly influenced maldonado’s work. he met torres-garcía follower
carmelo arden quin in buenos aires, and their philosophical debates attracted other
young painters and poets.
maldonado rejected gestural abstraction, turning instead to the aesthetics of scientific
objectivity. in 1945, he and other arturo contributors formed the asociación
arte concreto-invención. with his brother and edgar bayley, he co-wrote the manifiesto
invencionista. In 1948, while in europe, maldonado met max bill, the prominent swiss
concrete artist. bill later traveled to buenos aires and, in 1954, invited maldonado to teach
design at the hochschule für gestaltung in Ulm, germany. maldonado became the director
of that institution.
during its brief existence from 1955 to 1968, the HfG Ulm exerted an influence that
no one could have predicted from its small size, improbable location, or short lifespan.
originally conceived as a successor to the bauhaus, the school quickly abandoned that
model and set out to explore the uncharted territory of designing for mass production.
the school became an extraordinary laboratory of design and center of talent. more than
twenty years after its closing, ulm is still considered the most important european school
of design since the bauhaus. in 1965, he was lethaby lecturer al royal college of arts in
london, and from 1967 to 1970 he teached ‘class of 1913′ at the school of architecture
of the princeton university.
in 1969 he moved to italy, where he lives today. most of the books he published in italy.
decided to donate his architecture and design archive (over 1,500 books and 600 volumes
of magazines) to the milanese triennale institution.
tomas maldonado at the opening of the exhibition
portrait images © designboom