the highly aerodynamic and fuel-efficient ‘synergy’ aircraft utilizes an innovative ‘double-box tail’ structural design
the ‘synergy‘ personal aircraft being developed under john mcginnis combines decades of aeronautical innovation
into a single, highly aerodynamic and fuel-efficient airplane design, including a custom-designed ‘double-box tail’.
a 1/4-scale carbon fiber model has already been tested, and with funding permitting the development team
intends to build a full-scale prototype beginning late 2012 into next year.
the scale model in test flight
based on the scale model testing and calculations, the design is reported to achieve about forty miles to the gallon,
ten times the fuel economy of conventional small jets, at ten percent of the cost. in addition to using biofuel and the experimental
deltahawk turbocharged engine, it combines six innovations in drag reduction*, characterized most evidently in its double-box tail
wherein a vertical winglet connects the tail and wingtip on each side (not to be confused with the more conventional
but fuel-inefficient double-box wing design). ‘synergy’ also includes a ballistic parachute and push-button landing system in cases
‘all of the major drag reduction breakthroughs of the last 100 years have been underutilized in aircraft design.
and what we’re trying to do with ‘synergy’ is to use all of them in the most intelligent way that we can.‘ – john mcginnis
*mcginnis lists the six innovations considered towards
the design as: laminar flow, non-planar configuration, wake-immersed
propulsion, open thermodynamic cycle, pressure thrust, and optimum
volumetric displacement waveform
view of the scale model craft during a test flight
with the design and model already approved by the FAA, the development team plans to build a full-scale prototype to be tested
by the organization, before initiating a program seeking commercial production. they estimate that their final plane would have
a maximum speed of between 100 to 450 mph, with a range of 500 miles.
from a piloting family of several generations himself, mcginnis notes that a major design concern in developing the ‘synergy’
is that the airplane be comfortable for non-pilots, an aspect neglected by conventional small personal planes. as a result,
the aircraft is designed to comfortably seat five (although mcginnis notes it could be as high as seven).
mcginnis has launched a kickstarter campaign through june 4th to help fund continuing development costs.
structural design sketch
3/4 rear view
looking into the cockpit of the craft, which seats five to seven persons
john mcginnis (left) and a team member with the 1/4-scale model
behind the design and building of ‘synergy’
overall length: 21 feet
wing span: 32 feet
wing area: 144.6 square feet
gross weight: > 3,100 pounds
empty weight: < 1,650 pounds
gross in-flight wing loading: 23.2 lbs/sq. ft.
power: 200-hp two-stroke turbo/super diesel delta hawk
cabin width, interior: 56 inches
gear: tricycle, retractable
minimum flight speed: <55 KIAS (dirty)
range: >1,500 nautical miles w/std reserve