bjarke ingels group (BIG) has been commissioned to build the new national theater of albania. the bow-tie-shaped design, which will replace the previous venue, will include three new indoor performance spaces, a rooftop amphitheater, and a covered public space beneath the building. located in the cultural heart of downtown tirana, adjacent to the skanderbeg square, the national opera, and the national art gallery, the scheme will host both local and touring theater companies in the nation’s capital.

BIG albania national theater
all images courtesy of bjarke ingels group / BIG

 

 

developed alongside theatre projects and SON-group, BIG’s 9,300 square meter design seeks to offer a range of urban gathering places — settings currently lacking in the city. the prism-shaped volume is compressed and lifted at its center, creating connections and public plazas on both sides of the building. visitors can enter from either side or enjoy the impromptu performances that will take place beneath the elevated structure.

BIG albania national theater
the building is topped with a rooftop amphitheater

 

 

‘our design for the new national theatre of albania will continue the city’s efforts for making tirana’s public spaces more inviting and its public institutions more transparent,’ says bjarke ingels. ‘the theater is conceived as two buildings connected by the main auditorium: one for the audience and one for the performers. underneath, the theater arches up from the ground creating an entrance canopy for the audience as well as for the performers, while opening a gateway to the new urban arcade beyond. above, the roof mirrors the archway, forming an open-air amphitheater with a backdrop to the city’s skyline.’

BIG albania national theater
impromptu performances will take place beneath the elevated structure

 

 

once inside, visitors are greeted with a ticketing area flanked by two staircases that lead up to the theater foyer. from here, guests can either navigate towards the main auditorium or into the smaller ‘black box’ performance venues. the external form of the building is derived from the internal program, with the auditorium sandwiched between the front of house activities facing south, and the back of house activities to the north. glazed façades on each side reveal the interior program to passersby.

BIG albania national theater
visitors are greeted with a ticketing area flanked by two staircases

 

 

‘the two main facades of the national theatre of albania are opened up to expose the spaces inside the building out to the public,’ ingels continues. ‘one side reveals the foyer, lounge, bar and restaurant as well as the two experimental stages to the passers-by, like rooms in a doll house. the other side reveals the entire section of the backstage, side stages, under stage and fly tower, exposing the entire theater machine to the curious observers. where a theater typically wouldn’t be open to the public until the early evening, the new albanian national stage will become a spectacle of production as well as performance throughout the day.’

BIG albania national theater
glazed façades reveal the interior program to passersby

BIG albania national theater
the venue’s main auditorium

BIG albania national theater
the open-air amphitheater has the city skyline as its backdrop

BIG albania national theater
the design seeks to offer a range of urban gathering places

BIG albania national theater
the building will be located in the cultural heart of downtown tirana

BIG albania national theater
the venue is capable of hosting a range of performances

BIG albania national theater
the project’s interior volumes become illuminated by night

 

 

project info:

 

name: tirana national theatre and masterplan
type: commission
collaborators: theatre projects, SON engineering & construction
size: 9,300 sqm / 100,104 sqf
location: tirana, albania
status: in progress

 

partners-in-charge: bjarke ingels, david zahle
project leaders: cat huang, lucas carriere
team: anton malthe ling, carlos surinach, izabella banas, jakub klimes, jinho lee, edda steingrimsdottir, dimitrie grigorescu, juhye kim, kei atsumi, kekoa charlot, kristoffer negendahl, liliana cruz-grimm, matteo dragone, matteo pavanello, milyausha garaeva, nataly timotheou, ovidiu munteanu, sunwoong choi, tore banke, wei yang, yehezkiel wiliardy, yunzi wang 

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