FORMA: busan opera house
FORMA: busan opera house FORMA: busan opera house
sep 20, 2011

FORMA: busan opera house

‘busan opera house’ FORMA, busan, south korea all images courtesy of FORMA

ukranian architecture practice FORMA has received an honorable mention for their ‘busan opera house’ proposal for the international competition for the city of busan, south korea. the masterplan is the first transformational element to be positioned on a man-made island originally used as an international port into a world cultural and visitor center. the current docks, barges, containers and industrial warehouses will encompass the new art oriented facility, retaining the site’s established prominence within the region. the layering of the terrain’s history will result in a merging of the attractive and modern performing arts center with the purely functional existence of the port landscape.

exterior at night

railway, sea station and monorail transportation points deposit visitors near two pedestrian bridges leading towards the elevated and central entrance of the building linking the nearby city park, opera house and ocean. divided into an upper and lower level, visitors may chose to enter the building or descend to the wharf and open air amphitheater beneath the building. processions, ritual celebrations and street festivities are encouraged along this bridge contributing to the islands renewed and dynamic atmosphere.

the facade’s consistent double skin unifies the building while minimizing the visual perception of the volume’s size while surface lighting upon the form’s two pyramidal geometries will soften its presence. the constantly changing nature of opera houses set design dictated the need for flexible free plan to adjust interior circulation and seating. capable of holding over 900 spectators at one time, the back wall of the main theater may be removed to increase the area of the performance space.

unfolded auditorium

escalator leads towards the building’s elevated central lobby


full height atrium

full height atrium

main auditorium

aerial view

site plan

floor plan / level 0

floor plan / level 1

floor plan / level 2

floor plan / level 3

floor plan / level 4

floor plan / level 5

floor plan / level 6

masterplan diagrams

morphogenesis diagram

morphogenesis diagram

programmatic sectional diagram

auditorium configuration diagram

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