climatic architecture in iran

 

continuing its contemporary visions of traditional iranian architecture, team design group envisions its gilak house. while a previous design showed a sweeping revival of irans ‘sunken courtyards’ or bagh chal,  this latest house presents a reinterpretation of the elevated tribal dwellings commonly built to maximize cross ventilation. in response to the hot climate and the high humidity and rainfall typical of the country’s coastal or mountainous regions including the zagros mountain range, the structures were designed with strategic openings along both the exteriors and interiors.

team design group gilak
images by @team.group

 

 

team design group’s gilak villa

 

the architects at iran-based team design group organize the gilak villa in plan as a nine-square grid. the outer boundary is opened on all four sides with centralized openings, while the interior is opened with a centralized courtyard which cuts through to the sky above. the house is further shaped by its climate, specifically the rainfall typical of the region, with its dramatic gabled roof. while this area has a history of such gabled roof types, the rest of the country has commonly comprised roofs that are either flat or domed.  

team design group gilak
the mountainous region has a uniquely humid and rainy climate

team design group gilak
the slightly elevated, volume is opened on all four sides for cross-ventilation 

iran's humid, rainy region informs the gabled 'gilak villa' by team design group
rainwater is channeled from the roof and courtyard into a water feature

iran's humid, rainy region informs the gabled 'gilak villa' by team design groupview from the central courtyard, through the atrium to the sky

 

 

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iran’s humid, rainy region informs the gabled ‘gilak villa’ by team design group
 
iran’s humid, rainy region informs the gabled ‘gilak villa’ by team design group
 
iran’s humid, rainy region informs the gabled ‘gilak villa’ by team design group
 
iran’s humid, rainy region informs the gabled ‘gilak villa’ by team design group
 
iran’s humid, rainy region informs the gabled ‘gilak villa’ by team design group
 
iran’s humid, rainy region informs the gabled ‘gilak villa’ by team design group
 

project info:

 

project title: gilak house

architecture: team design group | @team.group

location: iran

lead architect: davood salavati | @davoodsalavati

design team: amirali sharifi, nazli azarkhsh , asma pirouz, mahsa aghahasel, sheila shahraki, pouya sanjari