iranian students use soil to build the kooshk freeform research pavilion
 

iranian students use soil to build the kooshk freeform research pavilion

under the guidance of architect hossein moradi, a team of students has designed and built the ‘kooshk’ pavilion in isfahan, iran, to explore traditional middle eastern fabrication techniques using modern technology. erected within the university campus, the freeform structure, which was constructed using soil engineering, intends to highlight the importance of traditional construction methods, encouraging students to learn and utilize forgotten crafts.

iranian students use soil to build the kooshk freeform research pavilion designboom

all images by milad hosseinzadeh and kamand javadpour

 

 

the key aim of the project was to make a temporary structure using soil taken from the field surrounding the pavilion. in first step, the sand was tested, then soil classified by UNIFIED and AASHTO methods. by the end, the kooshk research pavilion was realized using 180 tons of soil and the shape was made from 9 connected arcs that range from 210 to 530 cm in height. the area of the concrete shell measures 90 m2 with a 5 cm thickness, achieving its seamless dome form. the pavilion stands on 8 feet: 4 inner and 4 outer.

iranian students use soil to build the kooshk freeform research pavilion designboom

 

 

after completing the form using sacks and soil, the surface of the template has been coated by mud to make the complicated form polished and ready to add bricks. making a wall of sacked soil has enough strength to resist the soil inside and not require to make the whole template by sacked soil. the sacks are in three different sizes. first sack height was 14cm that could resist more pressure and more friction with the other sacks around. then for the ease of forming and moving the sacks, the height has been increased to 16cm while the length decreased by 2cm.

iranian students use soil to build the kooshk freeform research pavilion designboom

 

 

with the use of sand as the primary construction material, the temporary structure offers many advantages. these include reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and reducing pollution and damage to the ecosystem.

iranian students use soil to build the kooshk freeform research pavilion designboom

 

iranian students use soil to build the kooshk freeform research pavilion designboom

iranian students use soil to build the kooshk freeform research pavilion designboom

iranian students use soil to build the kooshk freeform research pavilion designboom

iranian students use soil to build the kooshk freeform research pavilion designboom

iranian students use soil to build the kooshk freeform research pavilion designboom

 

 

project info:

project name: kooshk pavilion

location: university sq. , najafabad, isfahan, iran

year: design and research: june 2017 – november 2018 /fabrication and installation: december 2018 – may 2019

total area: 2476 ft2 (230 m2) /shell area: 1055 ft2 (98 m2)

construction height: 530 cm

 

collaborators:

architect and researcher: hossein moradi

structural engineer: dr. ali pezeshki

director of administration and support: hossein mohseni

construction assistant: malihe rezaei

construction research team: masoud shams, maryam lotfi, nafiseh sharifi, ali oftade, mohammad lamoochi, marzieh haqshenas, mohammad javad shahvelayati

consultant: prof.reza ebrahimi, dr. seyed ali mojabi, dr. mohsen abbasi, dr. esmaeil masoumi

photography: milad hosseinzadeh, kamand javadpour

with the support of: moradi property office, islamic azad university of najafabad and namachin brick company

thanks to: dr. shirin toghyani, dr. amirhossein shabani, dr. zahra fanaei, dr. sajad moazzen, dr. motahar radi, davood manna, ebrahim najafabadi, reza satari, mehdi alishekl, mohsen jahangiri, mohammad javad sharifi, ahmad izadi, farinaz kazemi, forouzan ebrahimi, melika abdi, alireza shokrolahi, alireza pakchi, amir forouzande, adel hadi, arezoo salehi, farzaneh talebi, bahar keshani

 

designboom has received this project from our ‘DIY submissions‘ feature, where we welcome our readers to submit their own work for publication. see more project submissions from our readers here.

 

edited by: lynne myers | designboom

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