line+ studio's lotus-shaped dynamic building in changsha opens up its outer skin like petals

line+ studio's lotus-shaped dynamic building in changsha opens up its outer skin like petals

Lotus by Xiang River Pioneers Dynamic Architecture in Changsha

 

line+ studio‘s Co-Founder and Chief Architect Zhu Peidong collaborated with RoboticPlus.AI to create Lotus by the Xiangjiang River in Changsha, China‘s first dynamic architecture. This project integrates interdisciplinary technologies and adaptive changes, pushing the boundaries of traditional architecture and offering new possibilities for future spatial usage.

 

Located on the Xiang River’s banks in Changsha, the project balances urban viewing and landmark attributes. Due to riverbank vegetation obstructing the site, achieving sufficient height was necessary for scenic views and landmark status. However, simply elevating the structure could block surrounding sightlines, impacting the riverside community’s commercial value. The interior space adapts to varying privacy and openness requirements, responding dynamically to different spatial states required for activities or events. The design targets dynamic adjustments in spatial elevation and changes in transparency/privacy, using vertical movement and the opening/closing of the outer skin. This creates an integration of architectural structure, landscape interface, and spatial experience.

line+ studio's lotus-shaped dynamic building in changsha opens up its outer skin like petals
all images by CAAI_image – LI YI

 

 

line+ studio collaborates with RoboticPlus.AI on the project

 

The building’s concept developed by line+ studio involves elevating the main space for viewing and meetings, creating presentation and concealment space forms. An industrial design approach determined the building consists of the main space and movable mechanical devices. Vertical displacement alters the connection between the main space and different floors, facilitating circulation transitions. The observation hall ascends from the corridor to the rooftop level for open display, with the deployable skin unfolding to create a transparent viewing perspective. For closed folding, the hall descends, and the skin contracts to form a private space. The deployable skin, divided into nine sections, is optimized based on the overlap of ‘petals’ and the opening angle, resulting in a combination of four outer pieces and five inner pieces, all adorned with rounded hexagonal edges, using transparent ETFE membrane as the main material. The observation hall evolves from a truncated conical base, enveloped by double-curved glass.

 

A complex load-bearing system ensures stability and dynamic effects, integrating steel structure, glass curtain walls, and MEP components. The main structure features a rigid chassis at the base, with top beams and flat trusses along the perimeter. Columns are integrated with the glass curtain wall mullions, forming a unified column system. Firefighting, drainage, air conditioning, and other equipment components are integrated into the column system, with pipes routed through minimal stress points. The roof system accommodates windows, smoke extraction, firefighting, and ventilation. The dynamic mechanical technology uses a ‘hydraulic scissor brace + flexible column’ system, ensuring stability, comfort, safety, and maintainability. The deployable skin’s dynamic effect is achieved through an intelligent linkage system, allowing for different levels of petal opening based on programmed settings.

line+ studio's lotus-shaped dynamic building in changsha opens up its outer skin like petals
line+ studio’s Zhu Peidong collaborated with RoboticPlus.AI to create China’s first dynamic architecture

 

 

Lotus by the Xiangjiang River project leverages new technologies

 

Interdisciplinary knowledge exchange transforms traditional construction into an interactive working method. Line+ collaborates with RoboticPlus.AI for full-process digital design optimization, intelligent factory component production, and prefabricated construction installation. Digital technology and optimization algorithms integrate Rhino and Revit with RoboticPlus.AI’s RoBIM software, simulating model installation for all steel structures. The BIM model undergoes precision refinement, achieving LOD400 accuracy, and connects directly to component production factories. Intelligent flexible production uses RoBIM for data exchange between processing equipment, automating CNC production. Virtual construction simulation plans optimize construction sequences and ensure project timelines.

 

Lotus by the Xiangjiang River aims to create a new experiential urban public space through industrial device design and construction. Utilizing digital modeling, simulation, and smart construction, it breaks traditional architectural limitations, creating dynamic, fluid spaces. The rise of AI and new architectural industrialization trends are changing the relationship between architects and builders, empowering the urban environment and responding to rapid evolution with new architectural productivity.

line+ studio's lotus-shaped dynamic building in changsha opens up its outer skin like petals
Lotus by the Xiangjiang River integrates interdisciplinary technologies, pushing architectural boundaries

line+ studio's lotus-shaped dynamic building in changsha opens up its outer skin like petals
the project balances urban viewing and landmark attributes along the Xiang River in Changsha

line+ studio's lotus-shaped dynamic building in changsha opens up its outer skin like petals
achieving sufficient height ensures scenic views and landmark status despite riverbank vegetation

line+ studio's lotus-shaped dynamic building in changsha opens up its outer skin like petals
the design adapts to varying privacy and openness requirements, responding dynamically to different spatial states

line+ studio's lotus-shaped dynamic building in changsha opens up its outer skin like petals
vertical movement and the opening/closing of the outer skin allow for flexible spatial adjustments

line-studio-roboticplus-ai-lotus-dynamic-building-xiangjiang-river-changsha-designboom-1800-2

Lotus by the Xiangjiang River creates a dynamic urban public space, leveraging new technologies

line+ studio's lotus-shaped dynamic building in changsha opens up its outer skin like petals
the deployable skin, using transparent ETFE membrane, is divided into nine optimized sections

line+ studio's lotus-shaped dynamic building in changsha opens up its outer skin like petals
a complex load-bearing system ensures stability, integrating steel structure and glass curtain walls

line-studio-roboticplus-ai-lotus-dynamic-building-xiangjiang-river-changsha-designboom-1800-3

dynamic mechanical technology uses a hydraulic scissor brace + flexible column system for stability and comfort

line+ studio's lotus-shaped dynamic building in changsha opens up its outer skin like petals
the observation hall ascends for open display, with the deployable skin unfolding for an open view

line+ studio's lotus-shaped dynamic building in changsha opens up its outer skin like petals
for privacy, the hall descends, and the skin contracts to form a private space

 

project info:

 

name: Lotus by the Xiangjiang River in Changsha

architect: line+ studio | @lineplus_studio

lead architect: Zhu Peidong
design team: Li Binmiao, Bian Qian, Duan Xiajing, Xu Zifeng, Zhang Daozheng
intelligent construction: RoboticPlus.AI

client: Greentown China

floor area: 78 sqm

location: Hunan, Changsha, China
photography: CAAI_image – LI YI

 

 

designboom has received this project from our DIY submissions feature, where we welcome our readers to submit their own work for publication. see more project submissions from our readers here.

 

edited by: christina vergopoulou | designboom

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