re-imagining slums with grid-based buildings in mafalala, mozambique
 
re-imagining slums with grid-based buildings in mafalala, mozambique re-imagining slums with grid-based buildings in mafalala, mozambique
nov 20, 2014

re-imagining slums with grid-based buildings in mafalala, mozambique

re-imagining slums with grid-based buildings in mafalala, mozambique
all images courtesy of M parsons

 

 

 

most large slums have no strict, typical adherence to large scale urban plans. in the cases of asia and south america, many make-shift or squatted residences have come by chance. in caracas, venezuela for instance, the tower of david (centro financiero confinanzas) is an unfinished, 45-story office taken over by many of the city’s poor. the building serves as a testament to clever housing solutions using low-cost elements including unused infrastructure and materials. while wholly vacant concrete monoliths aren’t always available, and the skyscraper has recently been re-purposed and all occupants forced to leave, DIY-like methods may make for impromptu, but available means to shelter many people in high-density and low-income scenarios. additionally, these may even act as interim homes or disaster relief during intense climatic events or periods of extreme economic instability. it is for these reasons that M parsons from the university of western australia has proposed the ‘mafalala communal pad’, a type of vertical civic dwelling for one of mozambique’s most impoverished areas.

m parsons mafalala communal pad grid-based building slums mozambique
exterior view of the construction system

m parsons mafalala communal pad grid-based building slums mozambique
the frame utilizes wooden pallets seized from illegal chinese exports

 

 

 

since a lack of order is often what contributes to poor sanitation, water, electricity and health access in slums, establishing a thorough grid-based system within the site’s existing 14mx18m plot was one of the first experiments in promoting easy construction. this made breaking up programmatic elements more convenient, and meant that individual houses could be placed and changed at will given differences in solar orientation. thus, the resultant dwelling is as passive as possible all without having to manipulate the base structural arrangement.

m parsons mafalala communal pad grid-based building slums mozambique
timber construction isometric

m parsons mafalala communal pad grid-based building slums mozambique
building components isometric

 

 

 

the architecture is built almost entirely out of locally-sourced timber and the rain screen comes from repurposed shipping pallets seized from illegal exports to china, a factor that has been decimating the country’s lumber industry. the planks are then charred and naturally treated to prevent environmental damage and improve the lifespan of the structure. the ground floor features play areas for children including a closed off, fly-screen protected area as well as communal seating, an outdoor kitchen, vegetable gardens, dual showers and compost toilets.

m parsons mafalala communal pad grid-based building slums mozambique

m parsons mafalala communal pad grid-based building slums mozambique
ground floor plan

m parsons mafalala communal pad grid-based building slums mozambique
perspective section

m parsons mafalala communal pad grid-based building slums mozambique
roof typologies

m parsons mafalala communal pad grid-based building slums mozambique
elevation 1:50

m parsons mafalala communal pad grid-based building slums mozambique
long section 1:50

m parsons mafalala communal pad grid-based building slums mozambique
wall/roof detail


design process

 

 

 

 

designboom has received this project from our ‘DIY submissions‘ feature, where we welcome our readers to submit their own work for publication. see more project submissions from our readers here.

  • Nice and clever! Low cost and good ideas!

    Rogerio Batagliesi says:

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