modular housing in south korea explores flexible living in minimum spaces

modular housing in south korea explores flexible living in minimum spaces

housing modules assemble Flexible Living units in south Korea

 

Studio SMA proposes the design of a modular residential complex in South Korea developing a flexible and customizable living layout. The modular housing industry is invigorated by governmental support, and the academic research involving this industry predominantly focuses on constructability and technical improvement. Since the primary focus is on economic efficiency, the quality of living is a secondary issue. Under these circumstances, this project aims to enhance the spatial quality of a modular house intended for one to two persons by developing a flexible system for homeowners to rearrange and reorganize their homes accordingly. The design investigates a new type of house unit that is structured by basic prefabricated modules assembled in situ.

 

Two types of residence are provided, one for single-person use, and one for two or three people, according to the minimum size suggested by the 2020 Korean Government Residential Masterplan. Since the traffic laws restrict the size of transportable modular units, a 3.3 m by 6.6 m module became the basic size. After in situ concrete works are finished, prefabricated modules are delivered and assembled for a short period of time.

modular housing in south korea explores flexible living in minimum spaces
all images by Studio SMA

 

 

a sliding cartridge system allows easy modification of the units

 

A flexible customizable cartridge system is proposed by the design team to support various ways of living within the limited space, instead of providing fixed spatial conditions as conventional modular houses. The flexible program allows residents to choose and order various cartridges as necessary, as well as to customize, detach, update, expand or compress the interior space using a sliding system. As diverse activities need to be accommodated in the private domain since COVID-19, the project explores multiple living layouts within a minimum space.

 

Community program units such as a gym, a library, and a communal kitchen, as well as corridor units, balconies, landscape elements at the roof level, and facade systems are, also, designed by module and pre-manufactured in the factory. Accordingly, the whole process expedites the construction schedule. The modular housing project opts for the alleviation of the serious housing supply issue in South Korea.

modular housing in south korea explores flexible living in minimum spaces
the main facade constructs prefabricated concrete modules that are delivered and assembled in-situ

modular housing in south korea explores flexible living in minimum spaces
plan perspective of 36 sqm unit – three types of units are combined, balcony, flexible module & utility module

modular housing in south korea explores flexible living in minimum spaces
scenario A of 36 sqm unit – expanded living area

modular housing in south korea explores flexible living in minimum spaces
scenario B of 36 sqm unit – expanded working area

modular housing in south korea explores flexible living in minimum spaces
scenario C of 36 sqm unit – expanded bedroom & closet

flexible-living-designboom-1800-2

diverse types of modules can be assembled according to the homeowners’ needs

modular housing
plan perspective of 18 sqm unit – the physical limitation of the unit led to a flexible expandable furniture system

modular housing
scenario A of 18 sqm unit – bed & dining area

modular housing
scenario B of 18 sqm unit – sofa & working area

flexible-living-designboom-1800-3

the residential units face the main facade, while the diverse community programs are located at the rest sides

modular housing in south korea explores flexible living in minimum spaces
typical floor plan

modular housing in south korea explores flexible living in minimum spaces
section perspective

modular housing in south korea explores flexible living in minimum spaces
exhibition display with physical models

modular housing in south korea explores flexible living in minimum spaces
detail of the physical model

 

 

project info:

 

name: Flexible Living
designer: Studio SMA – SeungBum Ma

design team: Yejee Gong, Yejin Kim

physical model: Jiyeon Kim, Youngmin Ryou

photography: SeungBum Ma, Euijung Sung

 

 

designboom has received this project from our DIY submissions feature, where we welcome our readers to submit their own work for publication. see more project submissions from our readers here.

 

edited by: christina vergopoulou | designboom

ARCHITECTURE IN KOREA (349)

CONCRETE ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN (550)

RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE AND INTERIORS (3030)

SPACES UNDER 50 SQM (247)

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