SoPA uses rammed earth and traditional techniques to build school library in tanzania

SoPA uses rammed earth and traditional techniques to build school library in tanzania

in kibaoni, a small tanzanian village close to the kenyan border, SoPA (social practice architecture) has completed a school library built out of rammed earth. importantly, the project uses traditional construction methods rather than imported materials and techniques, which, according to the architects, are often inefficient with a detrimental effect on the environment. the design team also says that the ‘amani library’ can serve as an example to future developments, including the region’s rural housing.

SoPA amani library
all images by lara briz



‘in tanzania, building with earth represents the past and is associated with poor living conditions,’ explains patricia báscones and lara briz who lead SoPA. ‘traditional materials and techniques adapted to the environment are abandoned in favor of importing expensive and sometimes energy-inefficient materials and products, such as concrete blocks, from which only manufacturers in more advanced economies benefit.’

SoPA amani library
a large verandah is used for recreation



designed to promote a different approach to reading and learning, the building contains three distinct spaces: a multidisciplinary room, enclosed by thick earth walls, for workshops meetings and lessons; a light and open reading room; and a large verandah for recreation. the entire project was constructed in just four months as part of a design-build workshop with kibaoni inhabitants and international participants. throughout the building’s realization, the design team engaged the local community and its craftspeople. handcrafted details can be found on the cypress doors as well as on the verandah’s bamboo enclosure.

SoPA amani library
rammed earth has been used in the project’s construction



two primary materials were used: soil excavated from the site and locally sourced wood. the use of rammed earth helps regulate the library’s internal climate, while saving energy and reducing environmental pollution. the material is also reusable and, as it was taken directly from the site, saves costs associated with material acquisition and transportation. ‘the approach carries a developmental character, acting as ‘seed’, as it seeks to form a knowledge base that can contribute to the potential return of traditional materials and techniques in solving the problem of low-cost housing in rural environments,’ says SoPA.

SoPA amani libraryhandcrafted details can be found in the cypress doors as well as the verandah’s bamboo enclosure

SoPA amani library
the project uses traditional construction methods and locally sourced materials

SoPA amani library
the scheme is designed to promote a different approach to reading and learning

SoPA amani library
the entire project was constructed in just four months

SoPA amani library
the design team sought to engage the local community and its craftspeople

SoPA amani librarywood is sourced from the neighboring forest

SoPA amani library
two primary materials have been used: soil excavated from the site and locally sourced wood

SoPA amani library
the library serves as an example to future developments in the region



project info:


name: amani library
architect firm: SoPA (social practice architecture)
lead architects: patricia báscones and lara briz
location: kibaoni, rombo district, tanzania
gross built area: 105 sqm / 1,130 sqf
photography: lara briz

  • This is an interesting product and effort by SoPA. However, in terms of other issues which have not been discussed in the article are the acceptability of the “Rammed Earth Walls” by the community and what the costs of such construction methods. The durability of the rammed earth walls, I suppose other issues such as termites, water penetration and other climatic conditions. Otherwise it is the way to go for sustainable buildings in both rural and urban poor communities.

    Baldwin Mbuzi says:

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