zaha hadid architects completes topographical river promenade in hamburg

zaha hadid architects completes topographical river promenade in hamburg

zaha hadid architects (ZHA) has completed a topographical promenade intervention along hamburg’s elbe river at niederhafen. hugging a 625 meter stretch of waterfront between st. pauli landungsbrücken and baumwall, the upgraded riverwalk plays an integral role in the modernization and reinforcement of the city’s flood protection system. the area had first undergone major development in the mid twentieth century following the aftermath of fatal storm surge floods in 1962.

all images © piet niemann



before the end of the decade the city had developed a barrier along the banks of the elbe at niederhafen to protect the city against floods up to a height 7.2 meters above sea level. more recently, hydrology and computer simulations have calculated that an increase in the barrier height of 0.8 meters was required to prevent future destruction by winter storm surges and extreme high tides, thus sparking the design of the hamburg river promenade.



in response to the need for increased flood protection, the city of hamburg hosted a competition to design the redeveloped barrier, ultimately awarding the project to zaha hadid architects. hamburg’s niederhafen flood protection barrier is sited at a prominent location integrating the city’s renowned, touristic riverside promenade — one of hamburg’s most important public spaces.



situated atop the original flood protection barrier, the promenade offers uninterrupted views of the elbe and the port. with the completion of the project, the redevelopment of hamburg’s niederhafen flood protection barrier re-connects its river promenade with the surrounding urban fabric of the city, serving as a popular riverside walkway while generating links with adjacent neighborhoods.



hamburg’s niederhafen promenade is expressed as a series of sweeping staircases carved out of the flood protection barrier, generating a new topographic condition. these small amphitheaters are situated at points of intersection between the structure and the streets from the adjacent neighborhoods, generating street-level views toward both the top of the barrier and the masts and superstructures of ships in the elbe.



the project is divided into two sections with different spatial qualities. the zone to the west is at a larger scale, offering wide views downstream of all shipping activity on the river. to the east, the port’s marina creates a more intimate atmosphere with a long ramp alongside the amphitheater leading visitors down to the water’s edge.

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project info:


project title: niederhafen river promenade

architecture: zaha hadid architects (ZHA)

location: hamburg, germany

client: hamburg road, bridge, waterways & flood protection agency (LSBG)

design (ZHA): zaha hadid & patrik schumacher

ZHA project team: jan hübener (project leader), niels kespohl, cornelius schlotthauer, rassul wassa, walentina tradowski, gonzalo carbajo, eren ciraci

project & support structure planning: ingenieurbüro grassl gmbh

road & traffic planning: schmeck-junker ingenieurgesellschaft mbh

technical building services: rmn ingenieure

geotechnical consulting: grundbauingenieure steinfield und partner gbr

environmental impact assessment: landschaft & plan

photography: piet niemann

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