james turrell: twilight epiphany skyspace at rice university
james turrell: twilight epiphany skyspace at rice university
jun 28, 2012

james turrell: twilight epiphany skyspace at rice university

rice university has shared with designboom ‘twilight epiphany’ skyspace created for the institution by american artist james turrell. the pyramid-like sculpture, architecturally devised by thomas phifer and partners, with linbeck as the contractor, interacts with both the rising and setting texan sun as a sequence of programed  LED lights dance across the structure’s ceiling in sync with these particular moments of light which occur with earth’s constant state of revolution around the star. 

james turrell: twilight epiphany skyspace at rice university
view into the building’s interior theater | all images courtesy of rice university



in the morning, the light show begins forty minutes before the first glimpse of sunlight, where in the evening, the display begins with the slow disappearance of the sun’s glow. ‘twilight epiphany’ joins in with the natural movement of light in its color alteration upon the building’s ceiling, which may be viewed from both in and outdoors and in a variety of weather conditions. the color of the sky will be complimented by those pictured upon the underside of the structure’s roof, though the most powerful views are said to be seen only from the interior of the space, as the brightening sky is famed  by the brilliant shifting of shades belonging to ‘twilight epiphany’. during the hours of daylight, the structure remains open to the public so that visitors  may wander through the central space of the installation, closing only for the night.

james turrell: twilight epiphany skyspace at rice university
the roof turns pink as the evening sky’s colors shift as well



‘twilight epiphany’ is planted as a 12-foot-high and 72 x 72 foot white roof parallel to the grass berm just below which steeply rises from the flattened stretch of green near the university’s school of music. viewing areas have been built into both the upper and  ower segments of the structure, offering a perspective from both locations which pictures the sky through a 14 x 14 foot opening in the square roof’s central space. the roof of the skyspace is formed  ‘from engineered materials with a carbon-steel knife edge’, says the university. while the lower seating area is crafted from pink and grey texas granite  from mable falls, seating belonging to the upper segment is a poured-concrete bench system. 

james turrell: twilight epiphany skyspace at rice university
picturing the square structure from one of its four corners

james turrell: twilight epiphany skyspace at rice university
the opening of ‘twilight epiphany’

‘the turrell skyspace at rice university’ by rice university


project info:

architect: thomas phifer and partners
construction team: linbeck
floor elevation: 48.125’
building area: 5,184 square feet
size of lower viewing area (lva): 28’-0” x 28’-0”
number of in-wall speakers in lva: 12
width of upper viewing area (uva): 7’-0”
width of stairs to the uva: 3’-0”
number of seats in lva: 44
number of seats in uva: 76
total occupancy: 120
extent of berm in both directions: 118’-0”
berm angle: 19˚
height of portal: 7’-6”
width of portal: 5’-6”
height of berm/wall: 12’-0”
height to the underside of the roof: 21’-7”
height to the top of the roof: 24’-1”
height of alice pratt brown hall: 33’-4”
size of roof: 72’-0” x 72’-0”
size of oculus: 14’-0” x 14’-0”
distance from alice pratt brown hall: 92’-0”
distance from ctr. of skyspace to ctr. of pavilion: 1,200’-0”
pavilion enclosed, size: 77’-0” x 77’-0”
pavilion plaza, size: 129’-0” x 129’-0”

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