dirk vander kooij: new version of endless chair
dirk vander kooij: new version of endless chair dirk vander kooij: new version of endless chair
dec 20, 2010

dirk vander kooij: new version of endless chair

for his project ‘endless chair’, dutch designer dirk vander kooij gave fanuc, a heavyset, yellow and dilapidated robot – though still quite speedy – new software, giving him a new future as a prototyping machine. normally, rapid prototyping machines are not suitable for large-scale production: constructing 3D-models in high resolutions is too time-consuming and costly. however, fanuc, who was pensioned off after a 140, 000 hour non-stop career in a chinese production line, has a much lower resolution, allowing him to produce robust models at a steady pace. the coarse structure reveals how the product has been constructed layer by layer. vander kooij’s ‘endless’ combines the flexibility of traditional workmanship with the speed of industrial production.

dirk vander kooij: new version of endless chair fanuc

the ‘endless chairs’ are made from one endless piece of plastic string, made of old refrigerators that are crafted by fanuc, forming the string into a chair of any size, form, color, gradient or stripe pattern.

dirk vander kooij: new version of endless chair left: image courtesy of rené van der hulst right: dirk vander kooij supervising the making of an ‘endless chair’

‘when the first plastic chairs were made, they began with fairly simple tools and moulds to form the plastic. the simple tools were easy to alter and this gave the designer the chance to evaluate the final product and adjust the tools almost endlessly. as labour grew more and more expensive, it was filtered out of the process with automated and complicated tools. these automated processes have been very inflexible until now. high investments in complicated moulds made it almost impossible for a designer to evaluate and refine his final object. the designer is no longer involved in the production process and the design stage is completely shifted to a pre production phase.

(…) by combining different techniques, I was able to design an automated but very flexible process. I taught a robot his new craft, drawing furniture out of one endlessly long plastic string. this opened the possibility for me to design in the good old-fashioned way, making a chair, evaluating, refining, making a chair, evaluating, refining and making a chair. or developing an infinitely large collection of variations. endlessly.’ – dirk vander kooij

dirk vander kooij: new version of endless chair dirk vander kooij in studio with his ‘elephantskin’ stools and ‘endless chair’ project

dirk vander kooij: new version of endless chair detail and full view of an ‘endless chair’ made from a single string of plastic

dirk vander kooij: new version of endless chair ‘endless chairs’

Endless from Dirk Vander Kooij on Vimeo.

  • great process!

    cok says:
  • great

    john says:
  • I have seen it in Eindhoven. It is amazing!

    Yannique says:
  • beautiful!!!
    just like a giant FDM machine

    koko says:
  • beautiful!!!
    just like a giant FDM machine

    koko says:
  • Makes me wanna puke.

    jay says:
  • i love it. it’s like the icing on the cake, except, even better, the icing IS the cake..gefeliciteerd!

    edc says:
  • This is way too cool! How long does it take to complete this?

    KC says:

have something to add? share your thoughts in our comments section below.
all comments are reviewed for the purposes of moderation before publishing.

comments policy
designboom's comment policy guidelines
generally speaking, if we publish something, it's because we're genuinely interested in the subject. we hope you'll share this interest and if you know even more about it, please share! our goal in the discussion threads is to have good conversation and we prefer constructive opinions. we and our readers have fun with entertaining ones. designboom welcomes alerts about typos, incorrect names, and the like.
the correction is at the discretion of the post editor and may not happen immediately.

what if you disagree with what we or another commenter has to say?
let's hear it! but please understand that offensive, inappropriate, or just plain annoying comments may be deleted or shortened.

- please do not make racist, sexist, anti-semitic, homophobic or otherwise offensive comments.
- please don't personally insult the writers or your fellow commenters.
- please avoid using offensive words, replacing a few letters with asterisks is not a valid workaround.
- please don't include your website or e-mail address in your comments for the purpose of self-promotion.
- please respect jury verdicts and do not discuss offensively on the competition results
(there is only one fist prize, and designboom usually asks renown professionals to help us to promote talent.
in addition to the awarded designs, we do feel that almost all deserve our attention, that is why we publish
the best 100-200 entries too.)

a link is allowed in comments as long as they add value in the form of information, images, humor, etc. (links to the front page of your personal blog or website are not okay). unwelcome links (to commercial products or services of others, offensive material etc. ) will be redacted. and, ... yes, spam gets banned. no, we do not post fake comments.


a diverse digital database that acts as a valuable guide in gaining insight and information about a product directly from the manufacturer, and serves as a rich reference point in developing a project or scheme.

design news

keep up with our daily and weekly stories
503,120 subscribers
- see sample
- see sample
designboom magazine